(Excerpt from "The MathML Handbook" by Pavi Sandhu)




The mfenced element is used as a compact way to express common notational constructs involving fences, such as braces, brackets, or parentheses. By default, this element renders its contents enclosed in parentheses with arguments separated by commas.


This element accepts the three attributes shown in the following table.

Table: Attributes of mfenced.

Attribute Values Default
open string (
close string )
separators character* ,

These attributes have the following meaning:

  • open: specifies the character used as the opening fence.
  • close: specifies the character used as the closing fence.
  • separators: specifies the characters used to separate the arguments. The value of this attribute is a list of characters, with successive members of the list used to separate successive pairs of arguments. If there are fewer characters than needed, the last one is repeated as many times as necessary. If there are more characters than needed, the extra ones are ignored.


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