XProc steps

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


<p:for-each name? = NCName>
   ((p:iteration-source? &
   (p:output |

The <p:for-each> step is a loop implementation under XProc. In this way, documents which are assigned to this step are successively processed within a loop in a subpipeline. The input has to be provided as a sequence by a previous step (it has to contain several documents). Alternatively, the content can also be provided by <p:iteration-source>.

<p:iteration-source select? = XPathExpression>
   (p:empty |
   (p:pipe |
    p:document |
    p:inline |

<p:iteration-source> is only available in <p:for-each>. As an attribute a XPath expression can be passed on which addresses desired contents from the initial document (of the input port). Alternatively, contents can also be loaded and created via <p:document>, <p:inline> and <p:data>. Then, the documents read in are gradually processed in the subpipeline.


In the following example the functionality of the <p:for-each> step is demonstrated.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<p:declare-step xmlns:p="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc" xmlns:c="http://www.w3.org/ns/xproc-step" version="1.0">
   <p:input port="source">
      <p:document href="FilmCollection.xml"/>
   <p:output port="result" sequence="true"/>
      <p:iteration-source select="//Year"/>
      <p:output port="result"/>
      <p:rename match="/Year" new-name="Date"/>

The data to be processed are defined by the <p:iteration-source> step. It determines that any “Year“ elements of the source document read in shall be processed. These are sent consecutively to the <p:rename> step which renames the element as “Date“.